Library

Dogs + Medical Conditions

  • Fanconi syndrome describes abnormal function of the part of the kidneys called the tubules. The tubules should reabsorb water, electrolytes and nutrients as urine is formed, that would otherwise be excreted in the urine, but that are critical to normal metabolic function. With this syndrome, the tubules do not properly reabsorb the electrolytes and nutrients, and instead ‘spill’ them back into the urine to be expelled.

  • An FHO, or femoral head ostectomy, is a surgical procedure that aims to restore pain-free mobility to a diseased or damaged hip, by removing the head and neck of the femur. An FHO restores mobility to the hip by removing the head of the femur. Active dogs often experience better results with FHO than less-active dogs.

  • An FCE is the acute death of part of the spinal cord, caused by the embolus of fibrocartilaginous material. The material blocks arteries and/or veins in the spinal cord and may originate in an intervertebral disk or the marrow found within a vertebral body.

  • Canine hot spots are red, inflamed skin lesions also known as pyotraumatic dermatitis or acute moist dermatitis. These painful, smelly sores may be very obvious or may be hidden beneath matted fur. Hot spots are usually caused by self-trauma when a dog scratches an itchy spot so vigorously that he creates an open wound.

  • The excessive formation of gas in the stomach or intestine is referred to as flatulence. Flatus is the medical term used to describe air or gas expelled through the anus. The term originates from the Latin flatulentus which means "a blowing."

  • Flea allergy dermatitis (FAD) is a leading cause of allergic reactions in dogs. It is the proteins in the saliva of fleas that cause an intensely itchy response to sensitive dogs. Since the injection of flea saliva causes the allergic response, it is important to prevent fleas from biting your dog.

  • A focal seizure refers to an abnormal surge of electrical activity that is confined to a specific area of the brain. Unlike a generalized seizure, in which the animal’s entire brain is affected and therefore the entire body shows signs of a seizure, a focal seizure only affects a localized region of the brain and therefore only has limited effects on the body.

  • Frostbite or congelatio in medical terminology is the damage that is caused to skin and other tissues due to extreme cold. When the environmental temperature drops below 32°F (0°C), blood vessels close to the skin start to narrow or constrict.

  • Gastritis is defined as inflammation of the gastric mucosa. The word is derived from the Greek "gastro"- meaning "of the stomach" and -"-itis", meaning "inflammation". Gastritis may be acute or chronic, and it may be associated with conditions that are more serious.

  • Gastroenteritis is a medical term referring to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, usually the stomach and intestines. It can be caused by infection with bacteria, viruses, parasites, or reactions to medications or new foods. It often involves abdominal discomfort or pain, diarrhea and/or vomiting.

In the News

Contact Us

3070 8th St SW
Altoona, IA 50009
Phone: (515) 967-4281
Fax: (515)967-8824


After Hours Emergency
IVS: (515) 280-305
IVRC: (515)727-4872



AAHA_tC_2